Mathematical Elements and Concepts in the Quran

Hamidah Binti Maidinsah, Noor Ezzah binti Ishak, Nur Laila binti Mohamad Noorisham


Ethnomathematics is a mathematical practice by a cultural group that embraces or shares experiences, techniques, and interests. In this research, the Muslims are considered a cultural group that holds the Quran as their guidance and practices regulations accordingly as a way of life. The research aims to identify elements and concepts of mathematics in the Quran. This study uses an exploratory design. Several Quranic verses related to mathematical concepts were placed and evaluated. The results revealed that many mathematical elements and concepts are found in certain verses related to mathematics concepts, such as arithmetic operations and ratio, measurement of time, days, years, and distance, bearing in terms of angle and direction. The elements and concepts of mathematics are related to the application of rewards, distribution of heritage, the direction of qibla, calculation of years according to the sun and the moon calendar, and the sense of the length of time in this world compared to the hereafter. The results of this study can be used as an alternative learning material to broaden students’ knowledge relating to the content of the Quran. Integrating Islamic teachings and values is viable through contextual and discovery approaches using the Quran as a resource.


Al-Quran; Concepts; Ethnomathematics; Islamic Knowledge; Mathematics Elements


Awan, M., (2009). Quran and Mathematics-I. Jihāt al-Islām Vol. 3.

Britannica Encyclopedia (2020). Qiblah | Definition & Facts.

California Department of Education, CDE (2001). Mathematics framework for California public schools. Sacramento:CDE.

D’ Ambrosio, U. (1985). Ethnomathematics and its Place in the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics. For the Learning of Mathematics, 44-47.

EduwebTV (2015). Matematik Tingkatan 5 – Bearing.

Faraid Calculator (n.d.)

Hamidah Maidinsah, Muhammad Najmi Mohd Zubairi, Muhammad Zahari (2021) Mathematical Elements in Malay Traditional Game: A Case Study on Gasing Pangkah, International Journal of Arts and Commerce, 10(8), pg 5-15. ISSN: 1929-7106.

HistoryPod (2017). 16th July 622: The Start of Islamic Calendar.

Jamali, S. H. (n.d.). Geometric calculation of Qibla direction. Convert Lunar Years to Gregorian Years (lunar yrs to GY).

Mahad Musa, Z. (2021) Waris Ashab al-Furud dalam Faraid. Utusan Malaysia, 16 April 2021.

Mufti (2017). Taqwim Islam versus Taqwim Kafir? Tamadun Islam. Edisi Oktober 16, 2017.

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) (n.d.),-Standards,-and Expectations/

Ng S.H., Neo G.K. & Goh J.H. (2020). Matematik Tingkatan 5. Pelangi Publication Sdn Bhd. Johor Bahru: Johor, Malaysia.

Nor Maizan A. A. (2016). An Ethnomathematical Case Study on The Mathematical Concepts, Mathematical Practices and Beliefs of The Malay Songket Weavers. PhD Thesis, University of Technology MARA Shah Alam, Malaysia.

Nor Maizan A.A., Rokiah E., Zubaidah A. W. & Hamidah M. (2012). Konsepsi Pensyarah Matematik UiTM ke atas Corak Tenunan Songket: Satu Kajian Kes. Menemui Matematik (Discovering Mathematics), 34, June, 113-120. ISSN0126-9003.

Reid, A., Petocz, P., Smith, G., Wood, L., & Dortins, E. (2003). Mathematics Students’ Conceptions of Mathematics. Journal of Mathematics, 170-171.

Rokiah E., Nor Maizan A. A., Zubaidah A. W. & Hamidah M. (2010). An Insight into Mathematical Thinking of the Malay Songket Weavers. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 713–720.


Shaheede, M. A. & Sayed, A. H, (1998). Greater Sins Volume II. Mumbai, India: Islamic Study Circle, 91 - 93.

Sheikh Husin Jamali (n.d.). Geometric calculation of Qibla direction.

Shihabuddin A. (2011). Sirah: Perang Badar Al-Kubra.

Syahirah Afiqah M. T. (2019). A study of mathematical thinking in mengkuang weaving. Unpublished Master Thesis. University of Technology MARA Kelantan, Malaysia.

Wan Norliza W. B. (2011). Mathematics in the Holy Quran. Journal of Academic Minds, 1-13.

Yusoff A. (2018).Penentuan Arah Kiblat Menggunakan Kaedah Trigonometri


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian Journal of Ethnomathematics

Indonesian Mathematics Educators Society
Jl. Terusan Jend. Sudirman, Kec. Cimahi Tengah, Kota Cimahi, Jawa Barat 40521

p-ISSN: 2775-8001 | e-ISSN: YYYY-YYYY

View My Stats