Mathematical Elements and Concepts in the Quran

Hamidah Binti Maidinsah, Noor Ezzah binti Ishak, Nur Laila binti Mohamad Noorisham

Abstract


Ethnomathematics is a mathematical practice by a cultural group that embraces or shares experiences, techniques, and interests. In this research, the Muslims are considered a cultural group that holds the Quran as their guidance and practices regulations accordingly as a way of life. The research aims to identify elements and concepts of mathematics in the Quran. This study uses an exploratory design. Several Quranic verses related to mathematical concepts were placed and evaluated. The results revealed that many mathematical elements and concepts are found in certain verses related to mathematics concepts, such as arithmetic operations and ratio, measurement of time, days, years, and distance, bearing in terms of angle and direction. The elements and concepts of mathematics are related to the application of rewards, distribution of heritage, the direction of qibla, calculation of years according to the sun and the moon calendar, and the sense of the length of time in this world compared to the hereafter. The results of this study can be used as an alternative learning material to broaden students’ knowledge relating to the content of the Quran. Integrating Islamic teachings and values is viable through contextual and discovery approaches using the Quran as a resource.


Keywords


Al-Quran; Concepts; Ethnomathematics; Islamic Knowledge; Mathematics Elements

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Indonesian Journal of Ethnomathematics

Indonesian Mathematics Educators Society
Jl. Terusan Jend. Sudirman, Kec. Cimahi Tengah, Kota Cimahi, Jawa Barat 40521
E-mail: ije@i-mes.org


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